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Interesting Geography stuff for InterHigh

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Archive for the ‘Development’ Category

A really neat way to look at things

Posted by Lindy on November 19, 2011


Posted in Appropriate technology, Climate change, Development, Energy sources, Global warming, Recycling, Renewable, Solution to problems | Leave a Comment »

Providing an Agricultural Answer to Nature’s Call

Posted by Lindy on October 18, 2011


 

Posted in Appropriate technology, Development, Fragile environments, Global warming, Human geography, IGCSE, Kibera, Solution to problems | Leave a Comment »

Kenya e-Learning Centre Opened in Kibera

Posted by Lindy on October 2, 2011


http://allafrica.com/stories/201109301203.html

The European Union in partnership with Amref yesterday commissioned an e-learning centre for nurses in a move aimed at improving the provision of health care. The centre is the first of its kind in the country where enrolled nurses (basic level trained) will undertake four module sessions in two years to qualify for diploma certificates ( high level training). The programme seeks to reduce the cost of training for nurses and at the same time minimise time taken for one to complete a full course for a registered nurse. Neelie hailed the achievements of ICT in development and challenged the students to use locally available appliances like mobile phones to undertake sessions ahead of their tutors. More than 100 e-learning centres have been established in various rural parts of the country and 27 nursing schools have adopted the programme.

Posted in Development, Economic geography, Kibera, Solution to problems | Leave a Comment »

Build a new floating home?

Posted by Lindy on September 8, 2011


One plan the president of Kiribati, Anote Tong, has is to build floating island, where the 100,000 inhabitants of these coral atolls will be safe. Some think they should just abandon their homes and move elsewhere, as many homes have already been washed away. Salt water has infiltrated the soil and the crops have been lost

Links about Kiribati:

http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/climate-change/sinking-pacific-island-kiribati-considers-moving-to-a-manmade-alternative-2350964.html

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2034447/Kiribati-president-considering-building-floating-island-combat-climate-change.html

Posted in coasts, Development, Fragile environments, IGCSE, Solution to problems | Leave a Comment »

Kenya loses opportunity to save billions in slum upgrading

Posted by Lindy on February 25, 2011


Published on 21/02/2011

By Dann Okoth

The Government has squandered an opportunity to save billions of shillings and create employment for tens of thousands of youth in slum upgrading projects.

The country would have saved half the amount it spent in the project had it adopted the in situ slum upgrading system as suggested in the original Kenya Slum Upgrading Project report the Financial Journal can reveal. The in situ slum upgrading system entails a participatory approach between slum dwellers and developers

The State has earmarked Sh880 billion for slum upgrading projects across the country in a 15-year plan to replace slums with affordable housing, but experts say the cost would be far much less had the State involved slum dwellers in the construction process.

Accroding the a recent report, it would have been ten times cheaper, for instance, in Kibera slums, where 10,000 units would have been upgraded at a cost of only Sh1 billion. The project would have entailed using cheap but durable building materials and labour from the slum dwellers. What would have been  required of the Government was to service land (install water, electricity and road infrastructure).

Already the Government has spent a whopping Sh2 billion to relocate 1,000 households to the decanting site in Langata in phase one of the Kibera slum upgrading project co-funded by UN-Habitat, the government and other donors. The project is expected be completed in seven phases.

The government opted to go for corporate slum upgrading where they hoped to provide the slum dwellers with two bed-roomed flats.

The particiapatory approach was applied in estates like Dandora, Mathare 4A and Umoja where the government provided services land complete with road infrastructure, water and sewerage services, and electricity at very low cost to the exchequer.

http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/sports/InsidePage.php?id=2000029702&cid=457

Posted in Development, Kibera, Solution to problems, Urban environments | Leave a Comment »

Haiti – Reconstruction : Approximately one third of the refugees have found shelter 22/01/2011

Posted by Lindy on January 22, 2011


http://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-2187-haiti-reconstruction-approximately-one-third-of-the-refugees-have-found-shelter.html

One third of the 1.5 million individuals who have been living in “tent cities” have relocated to date, with another 400,000 expected to relocate over the next 9 months.

This has been achieved by:

  • The return of families to homes that have not only been  fully repaired, but are sturdier and more resilient than before the quake;
  • Temporary housing in people’s neighbourhoods of origin;
  • The repair of building that can be achieved relatively cheaply and quickly.

Underway are:

  • A rural project to build a village for 3000 Haitians by Mission of Hope Haiti
  • A World Bank project to repair houses and build 5000 new housing units in the city
  • A USAID to finance 15,000 serviced sites in new communities in the Cap Haitien and Port-au-Prince  [ A version of a self help project – see urban unit]
  • A  USAID financed housing and neighbourhood upgrading in earthquake-damaged communities for 10,000 households.

Posted in Development, Haiti, IGCSE, Solution to problems, Tectonics, Urban environments | Leave a Comment »

At Last! Jobs for Haiti!

Posted by Lindy on October 6, 2010


An agreement was signed by the U.S., Haiti, and representatives of the Inter-American Development Bank, the International Finance Corporation and South Korea’s Sae-A Trading Company, which will establish an industrial park and a garment manufacturing operation that has the potential to create more than 10,000 permanent jobs.
“And these are not just any jobs,” said U.S. signatory Secretary of State Hillary Clinton:
“These are good jobs with fair pay that adhere to international labour standards. And the impact on Haiti’s economy has enormous potential for being significant and sending a message that Haiti is open for business again.”

http://www.voanews.com/policy/editorials/Creating-Jobs-In-Haiti-104432874.html

Posted in Development, Haiti, Hazards, IGCSE, Tectonics | Leave a Comment »

A new certification scheme for sustainable cattle farms

Posted by Lindy on October 3, 2010


Cattle production is one of the main drivers of deforestation
http://www.new-ag.info/news/newsitem.php?a=1758

A new standard for cattle farms that promotes sustainable production to help mitigate deforestation, greenhouse gas emissions and animal cruelty has been launched by the Rainforest Alliance and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). “You can combine conservation and cattle production,” explains Oliver Bach, Rainforest Alliance standards and policy manager. “Tree cover, for example, not only provides habitats for birds and insects, but it is also good at reducing heat stress for cattle and providing leaves and fruits for fodder.”

Developed during a two-year public consultation process involving stakeholders from 34 countries, the standards will be applied to farms located in tropical regions of Latin America, Africa, Asia and Oceania. However, only farms where cattle have access to pasture will be eligible for the scheme. The ‘Standard for Sustainable Cattle Production Systems’ will enable farmers to use the Rainforest Alliance Certified™ guarantee to market beef, dairy and leather products. “The Rainforest Alliance seal of approval will inform consumers that these farms are conscious about the environment and climate change,” Bach adds.

In order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the Rainforest Alliance is promoting three practical actions: improving cattle’s diets, treating their manure and conserving trees to capture carbon dioxide. “Selecting different fodder species that are easier to digest will reduce methane emissions and conserve the soil in the long-term,” Bach explains. Integrated management systems, sustainable pasture management, labour welfare standards, animal welfare and carbon-footprint reduction are all part of the criteria for achieving Rainforest Alliance certification.

Posted in Development, Food supply, Fragile environments, Global warming, IGCSE, Solution to problems, Sustainability | Leave a Comment »

Kenya: the World Cup goes solar in Africa’s largest slum

Posted by Lindy on June 27, 2010


Posted by GetSolar Staff in Thursday, June 24th 2010

http://www.afronline.org/?p=6068

The youths from the Kibera Community Youth Programme (KYCP), a registered community based organization in Nairobi’s populous Kibera slum, have teamed up with Solafrica – a Swiss-based non-profit organization that campaigns for the adoption of solar technology – to provide a solar powered big screen television set at a public hall where up to 1,000 slum dwellers without televisions or electricity can enjoy the first World Cup staged in Africa without paying a single cent.

The technology that powers the TV is called, by the two groups, a “Solar Power Station.” It’s a small, plug-in device that captures the sun’s energy through the use of solar panels. There’s no complex wiring, to boot. According to KCYP’s solar project manager, Elizabeth Otieno, the station is essentially a box with solar panels and rechargeable batteries. When fully charged, the batteries can be used for six to 10 hours. The system can also be used to power other devices like lights or cell phones.

“The Kibera youth’s have now conquered the power of the sun,” said Executive Director of Solafrica Joshiah Ramogi, whose group has trained nearly 30 of Kibera’s youth to install solar power systems and make other energy products, like LED lamps, at a 2007 workshop in Nairobi, Kenya. The lamps will be sold in both Kibera and Switzerland. As for the goal of this solar power project, Romogi explains: ‘the organization is especially rooting for the adoption of the solar lamp in place of the widely used kerosene lamp that yields dim light and produces a toxic smoke that predisposes users to respiratory ailments. In very poorly ventilated dwellings, the kerosene lamp poses the further risk

Posted in Appropriate technology, Development, IGCSE, Kibera, Sustainability, Urban environments | Leave a Comment »

Outrage over Peru-Brazil Energy Agreement

Posted by Lindy on June 18, 2010


Six Dams will displace indigenous communities and threaten Amazon ecosystems

http://www.internationalrivers.org/en/2010-6-17/outrage-over-peru-brazil-energy-agreement

Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva signed an energy agreement with Peruvian President Alan Garcia yesterday, which includes building around six hydroelectric power plants in the Peruvian Amazon to supply more than 6000 MW of power to Brazil.

“This accord will not guarantee clean and renewable energy for Peru. On the contrary, it will impose a series of negative environmental and social impacts such as displacement of indigenous people and deforestation in at least 5 departments of Peru, putting at grave risk the future of the Peruvian Amazon;” said Mariano Castro, former Executive Secretary of the Peruvian National Environment Council (CONAM) and lawyer with the Peruvian Society of Environmental Rights (SPDA).

One of the first projects to be built under the accord would be the Paquitzapango Dam on the Ene River, which would impact close to 17,000 Ashaninka indigenous people and threaten the Ashaninka Communal Reserve, as well as the Otishi National Park, both of which are legally,protected areas.

“The Paquitzapango dam is being planned without a dialogue between the Peruvian government and the people that would be impacted by those projects,” said Ruth Buendia Mestoquiari, an Ashaninka indigenous leader. “The Ene River is the soul of our lands, the river that feeds our forests, animals, plants, crops and, especially, our children.”

“Peru does not need these dams, we have close to 50,000 MW of renewable energy potential, such as wind, solar and geothermal, that does not include large dams. This deal will only benefit Brazil, and we are not going to let this happen,” said Engineer Alfredo Novoa Pena, the founder of Peruvian environmental organization Pro-Naturaleza.

Although the agreement has been signed by the presidents, it is likely to face legal hurdles in Peru. “As this agreement implies establishing changes in the legal framework for the construction of hydroelectric dams in Peruvian lands, it should be reviewed by Congress before approval,” said Cesar Gamboa, a lawyer with legal NGO Environmental Rights and Natural Resources (DAR).

The agreement does not contain provisions for the well-being of communities affected by the projects, their rights and participation in benefits of the projects.

Posted in Development, Fragile environments, Human geography, IGCSE, Sustainability | 1 Comment »